A chemical peel is a skin-resurfacing process in which the top layers are removed by applying a chemical solution to the skin. Smoother and younger looking is the skin that grows back after a chemical peel.
Chemical peels, usually on the face are used to treat wrinkles, fine lines, skin discoloration and bruises. A chemical peel can be done in both ways i.e. alone and also in the combination of other procedures.
Depending on your desired results, chemical peels can be made at different depths— light, moderate or deep. A different chemical solution is used by each type of chemical peel. Deeper chemical peels yield more dramatic results, but longer recovery periods are also involved.
Benefits of Chemical peels:
- wrinkles and fine lines
- acne scars
- sun damage
- uneven skin tone or redness
There are 3 types of Chemical peels:
- Superficial peels which exfoliate gently use gentle antioxidants such as alpha-hydroxy acid. Only the outermost layer of skin is penetrated.
- Medium peels that use trichloroacetic or glycolic acid to reach the intermediate and outer skill layers. This makes removing damaged skin cells more effective.
- Deep peels that completely reach the middle layer of the skin to extract damaged skin cells; phenol or trichloroacetic acid is often used in these peels.
How are Chemical Peels done:
Light Peels: A cotton ball, gauze, or brush will be used during a light peel to apply a chemical solution to the area being treated, such as salicylic acid. The skin will begin whitening and may have a slight sensation of stinging. Once the chemical solution is complete, it will be removed or added a neutralizing solution.
Medium Peels: The doctor will use a gauze, special towel, or cotton-tipped applicator for applying the chemical solution to your face during a medium chemical peel. Glycolic acid or trichloroacetic acid may be present here. In the trichloroacetic acid, commonly known as a blue peel, a blue colour may be added. The skin will start whitening and a cool pad will be applied to the skin by your doctor. For up to 20 minutes, you may feel stinging or burning. While they may give you a hand-held fan to cool your hair, no neutralizing solution is needed. If you’ve had the blue peel, you’re going to have a blue skin colour that can last several days after the peel.
Deep Peels: You will be sedated during a deep chemical peel. A cotton-tipped applicator will be used by your doctor to apply phenol to your skin. This will turn white or grey in your skin. The treatment will be done in sections of 15 minutes to reduce acid skin exposure.
At the end of the treatment, you will find phenomenal change on your skin.